Cross-origin resource sharing

Last Updated : 10-Oct-2020

Cross-origin resource sharing (CORS) defines a way for client web applications that are loaded in one domain to interact with resources in a different domain. With CORS support, you can build rich client-side web applications with Amazon S3 and selectively allow cross-origin access to your Amazon S3 resources.

How does Amazon S3 evaluate the CORS configuration on a bucket?

When Amazon S3 receives a preflight request from a browser, it evaluates the CORS configuration for the bucket and uses the first CORSRule rule that matches the incoming browser request to enable a cross-origin request. For a rule to match, the following conditions must be met:

  • The request's Origin header must match an AllowedOrigin element.
  • The request method (for example, GET or PUT) or the Access-Control-Request-Method header in case of a preflight OPTIONS request must be one of the AllowedMethod elements.
  • Every header listed in the request's Access-Control-Request-Headers header on the preflight request must match an AllowedHeader element.

AllowedMethod element

In the CORS configuration, you can specify the following values for the AllowedMethod element.

  • GET
  • PUT
  • POST
  • HEAD

AllowedOrigin element

In the AllowedOrigin element, you specify the origins that you want to allow cross-domain requests from, for example, The origin string can contain only one * wildcard character, such as http://* You can optionally specify * as the origin to enable all the origins to send cross-origin requests. You can also specify https to enable only secure origins.

AllowedHeader element

The AllowedHeader element specifies which headers are allowed in a preflight request through the Access-Control-Request-Headers header. Each header name in the Access-Control-Request-Headers header must match a corresponding entry in the rule. Amazon S3 will send only the allowed headers in a response that were requested. For a sample list of headers that can be used in requests to Amazon S3, go to Common Request Headers in the Amazon Simple Storage Service API Reference guide.

Each AllowedHeader string in the rule can contain at most one * wildcard character. For example, <AllowedHeader>x-amz-*</AllowedHeader> will enable all Amazon-specific headers.

ExposeHeader element

Each ExposeHeader element identifies a header in the response that you want customers to be able to access from their applications (for example, from a JavaScript XMLHttpRequest object). For a list of common Amazon S3 response headers, go to Common Response Headers in the Amazon Simple Storage Service API Reference guide.

MaxAgeSeconds element

The MaxAgeSeconds element specifies the time in seconds that your browser can cache the response for a preflight request as identified by the resource, the HTTP method, and the origin.

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